The effect of outliers on the perception of sound change

Here’s another article where the title tells us everything we need to know. This one is definitely interesting if one is interested in a Labovian view on sound change. It’s from the most recent Language Variation and Change, and available via link directly from the LVC site…

Labov, William, Maciej Baranowski, and Aaron Dinkin. 2010. The effect of outliers on the perception of sound change. Language Variation and Change,  22.2:175-190. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7921598&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S0954394510000104

Advertisements

Optimal diphthongs and vowel shifts (in English): Is there a link?

Here we have another entry where the title pretty much says it all. Definitely an interesting perspective worth considering…

Minkova, Donka and Robert Stockwell. 2003. English vowel shifts and ‘optimal’ diphthongs: Is there a logical link? In D. Eric Holt (Ed.), Optimality Theory and language change. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishing. pp. 169-190. http://books.google.com/books?id=CYDkGiu8w5sC&pg=PA169&lpg=PA169&dq=English+vowel+shifts+and+optimal+diphthongs&source=bl&ots=byu47KYGOV&sig=-GNquzfsx_J-QfQtN3jVGUsBV5k&hl=en&ei=wBIZTbmLEZCHnAfMqqCrAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=English%20vowel%20shifts%20and%20optimal%20diphthongs&f=false

Donegan’s “Raising and lowering” added to the Natural Phonology paper set

Patricia Donegan’s (1976) CLS paper “Raising and lowering” has been added to the set of papers originally posted as Keeping things natural: Vowel chromaticity and sonority.

This one time in 1988 when Kiparsky talked about phonological anology…

Earlier on the blog, I posted several articles dealing with phonetic analogy that also discussed how it is similar to and different from conceptual analogy. Here, in Kiparsky’s (1988) “Phonological change,” we get K’s take on phonetic analogy as well as what he dubs phonological analogy. Another interesting read for those wishing to consider alternate views on analogy as a language change process…

Kiparsky, Paul. 1988. Phonological change. In Newmeyer, Frederick (Ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey. Volume I-Linguistic theory: Foundations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 363-415. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/Kiparsky_1988.pdf

Life cycles, diachronic phonology, and a first look at sound change + optimality theory

The title on this posting says it all…

Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo. 2007. Diachronic phonology. In Paul de Lacy (ed.), The Cambridge handbook of phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 497-517. http://www.bermudez-otero.com/handbook.pdf

Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo. 2006. Phonological change in Optimality Theory. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of language and lingusitics (2nd ed.). Volume 9. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 497-505. http://www.bermudez-otero.com/encyclopedia.pdf

(Thanks to Aaron Dinkin for pointing out the 2007 article via his dissertation)

7 dissertations from the 1970s worth checking out

Now available via the Less Widely Available Archive (LWAA) are 7 dissertations from the 1970s that are worth checking out for various reasons: a) the theoretical contributions made by them (Hooper, 1973; Donegan, 1978; Payne, 1976); b) data collected and analyzed in the dissertation (Herndobler, 1977; Lennig, 1978;  Lusk, 1976); c) the practical applications contributed by them (Nearey, 1977).

[Bybee] Hooper, Joan. 1973. Aspects of Natural Generative Phonology. Doctoral dissertation, University of California-Los Angeles. http://ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/LWAA/Bybee_1973.pdf

Donegan, Patricia. 1978. On the Natural Phonology of vowels. Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University. [Reprinted as The Ohio State Working Papers in Linguistics, 23. http://linguistics.osu.edu/research/publications/workingpapers/files/osu_wpl_23.pdf]

Herndobler, Robin. 1977. White working class speech: The East Side of Chicago. Doctoral dissertation, The University of Chicago. http://ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/LWAA/Herndobler_1977.pdf

Lennig, Matthew. 1978. Acoustic measurement of linguistic change: The modern Paris  vowel system. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/LWAA/Lennig_1978.pdf

Lusk, Melanie. 1976. Phonological variation in Kansas City: A sociolinguistic analysis of three-generation families. Doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/LWAA/Lusk 1976.pdf

Nearey, Terrance Michael. 1977. Phonetic feature systems for vowels. Doctoral dissertation, University of Alberta. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/LWAA/Nearey_1977.pdf

Payne, Arvilla. 1976. The acquisition of the phonological system of a second dialect. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/LWAA/Payne_1976.pdf

On the phonetic basis of phonological change

Another one where the title pretty much says it all already…

Donegan, Patricia. 1993. On the phonetic basis of phonological change. In Charles Jones (Ed.), Historical linguistics: Problems and perspectives. London: Longman. pp. 98-130. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/donegan 1993.pdf

LYS 1972: Bonus track

The title pretty much says it all this time…

Labov, William. 1972. The internal evolution of linguistic rules. In Stockwell, Robert P. and Ronald K.S. Macauly (Eds.), Linguistic change and generative theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/Labov 1972c.pdf

Split short-a fest posting updated

Note that last week’s “short-a fest” post has now been updated to a) make the geography of the studies easier to sort out and b) include two studies previously unposted–Johnson (1998) and Dinkin & Friesner (2009). See the original post for more details. Also included with this update is  a public link to images (and a brief discussion) of the Columbus short-a system, as posted recently to my Columbus Dialect blog, and a link to a presentation on Columbus short-a that I did in November, 2010 for the Changelings discussion group at OSU.

Keeping things natural: Vowel chromaticity and sonority

In recent work, Labov (1994: Ch 6; 2010: Ch 6) discusses how low vowels do not appear to possess the property that he calls “peripherality” by default. Instead, low vowels may be better described in terms of dimensions adapted from Stampe’s ([1972]/1979) Natural Phonology framework; that is, the dimensions of vowel color known as palatality, labality, and sonority. However, Labov’s discussion of these dimensions, as well as the impact changes in those dimensions may have on low vowels in the course of sound change, is arguably fairly vague in these publications.

Given this fact, this week, I have chosen to post several important sources of information on vowel color as defined within the framework of Natural Phonology. These include Stampe’s (1972) “On the natural history of diphthongs”;  Donegan’s (aka Miller–Donegan of “Donegan (1978)–On the Natural Phonology of vowels” fame, here all of her papers save one are published under the name Miller) “Some context-free processes affecting vowels” (1972a), “Vowel neutralization and vowel reduction” (1972b), “Bleaching and coloring” (1973), and “Raising and lowering” (1976); and Perkins’s (1977) “A sociolinguistic glance at the Great Vowel Shift of English.”

The papers are linked below in a reading order suggested by the content of the papers:

Stampe David. 1972. On the natural history of diphthongs. Papers from the Eighth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 578-590. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/stampe 1972.pdf

Miller, Patricia Donegan. 1972a. Some context-free processes affecting vowels. The Ohio State University Working Papers in Linguistics, 11:136-167. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/donegan 1972a.pdf

Miller, Patricia Donegan. 1972b. Vowel neutralization and vowel reduction. Papers from the Eighth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 482-488. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/donegan 1972b.pdf

Miller, Patricia Donegan. 1973. Bleaching and coloring. Papers from the Ninth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 386-397. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/donegan 1973.pdf

Donegan, Patricia. 1976. Raising and lowering. Papers from the Twelfth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 145-160. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/donegan 1976.pdf

Perkins, John. 1977. A sociolinguistic glance at the Great Vowel Shift of English. The Ohio State Working Papers in Linguistics, 22: 123-151. http://www.ling.osu.edu/~ddurian/AWAC/perkins 1977.pdf

References

Donegan, Patricia. 1978. On the Natural Phonology of vowels. Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University. [Reprinted as The Ohio State Working Papers in Linguistics, 23. http://linguistics.osu.edu/research/publications/workingpapers/files/osu_wpl_23.pdf]

Labov, William. 1994. Principles of linguistic change, volume 1: Internal factors. Oxford: Blackwell.

Labov, William. 2010. Principles of linguistic change, volume 3: Cognitive and cultural factors. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Stampe, David. 1979. A dissertation on natural phonology. New York: Garland Publishing. [Originally released as Stampe, David. 1972. How I spent my summer vacation. Doctoral dissertation, The University of Chicago.]

%d bloggers like this: